In a healthy individual without diabetes, consuming sweets and very high-carb foods may lead to a temporary increase in blood sugar levels, but it typically should not spike above 140 mg/dL and should return to baseline relatively quickly. The human body has mechanisms to regulate blood sugar levels efficiently.
After consuming high-carb foods, such as sugary treats, pasta, or bread, blood sugar levels can rise, reaching their peak within an hour or two. However, the body releases insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, to help transport glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into cells, where it is used for energy or stored.
In a healthy person, this insulin response helps maintain blood sugar levels within a normal range, usually below 140 mg/dL after eating. However, individual responses can vary, and some people may experience slightly higher post-meal blood sugar levels without any underlying health issues depending on what they eat. Everybody is unique and reacts uniquely to different external forces, which is why diabetes management requires a highly personalized approach.
It’s important to note that repeated, significant spikes in blood sugar levels due to a high-carb diet can contribute to weight gain and potentially increase the risk of developing insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes over time. Therefore, it’s advisable to consume high-carb foods in moderation and as part of a balanced diet. If you have concerns about your blood sugar levels or dietary choices, consider consulting a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian for personalized guidance or join Care4Sugar’s diabetes management program.