The early signs and symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type of diabetes. Here are some common signs and symptoms that may indicate the onset of diabetes:
Frequent Urination (Polyuria): Increased urination, particularly during the night (nocturia), is often an early sign of diabetes. This occurs because elevated blood sugar levels can cause the kidneys to work harder to remove the excess glucose from the body.
Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia): As a result of frequent urination, people with diabetes may experience increased thirst to compensate for fluid loss.
Increased Hunger (Polyphagia): Despite eating, individuals with diabetes may still feel hungry due to the inability of insulin to properly transport glucose into cells for energy. This can lead to increased food consumption.
Unexplained Weight Loss: In type 1 diabetes, weight loss may occur even when eating normally or more than usual. This happens because without sufficient insulin, the body is unable to utilize glucose properly and starts breaking down stored fat and muscle for energy.
Fatigue and Weakness: Feeling tired or fatigued is a common symptom of diabetes. Inadequate glucose uptake by cells can result in a lack of energy.
Blurred Vision: High blood sugar levels can cause fluid to be pulled from the lenses of the eyes, leading to temporary changes in vision.
Slow Healing of Wounds: Diabetes can affect the body’s ability to heal wounds or infections. This is due to impaired blood circulation and compromised immune function.
Tingling or Numbness: Some individuals with diabetes may experience tingling or numbness, usually in the hands or feet. This condition, known as peripheral neuropathy, occurs due to nerve damage caused by prolonged high blood sugar levels.
Recurrent Infections: Diabetes can weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to frequent infections, particularly yeast infections (such as oral thrush or genital infections) and urinary tract infections.
It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other factors. If you are experiencing any of these signs or symptoms, it’s recommended to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Early detection and intervention are crucial in managing diabetes effectively and preventing complications. If you want to talk to Care4Sugar Team, book a consultation here.